Monaco - a country with developed economy, a strong tourism industry, with its mild climate, the state, where the density of millionaires per square centimeter, the highest in the world.
Monaco - a country rich, but wealth requires protection. In the Duchy operates a powerful system of police control. Guardsman in uniform and in civilian clothes on duty around the clock at their posts. They have the right to make inspections of suspicious objects and machines, checking phone bills, hotel rooms and homes. Cameras are installed at almost every post. Has experienced the excellent work of the police: wanted to visit a wax museum, the building was undergoing renovation, looked inward, to ask the workers where it can be the museum exposition. Do not have time to take a step, when suddenly the police came to the question: what do you want? What were they come from? The street was deserted at the moment ... The crime rate is extremely low. This is just the place where you can safely "walk their" diamonds and luxury garments. The most expensive in Monaco - the land and housing. Since there's nowhere to grow, can only grow up, apartment prices are quite high. Apartments in buildings located in France, but having access to the Monaco property market are valued at several times more expensive.
Modern Monaco were inhabited in the Stone Age, there lived the Ligurian tribes, they were replaced by Phoenicians. During the period of Phoenician rule here was built the temple Melkarth, which the Greeks and Romans identified with Heracles. Legend has it that this hero and founded the Monaco. Having decided to relax in this wonderful part of the Cote d'Azur, he gave it the name Portus Gerkulis Moneki - Hercules secluded harbor. From this dock though and went to town. There is another legend. At the time of the Romans was executed a young Corsican named Devoto, her body was placed in a boat and sent to Africa. A boat off course and ran aground off the coast of Monaco, where he founded the state in honor of this girl.
Legend tells that one of the Christmas day in 1297 the castle gate knocked humble Franciscan friar. Suspecting nothing, the guards let him warm up. Once inside, the monk took off his robe and pulled out his sword, broke in custody. Following him through the open gate of the armed men burst. This was disguised as a monk Francois Grimaldi, founder of the dynasty, and still ruling Monako.Grimaldi always been proud of its history. Not by chance on the arms of Monaco shows two monastic figures are extracted from beneath the robes swords.
Rhode Grimaldi - one of the few, who ruled from 13 century. Across Europe, it was famous for its once-scandalous reputation. Even after final approval from the authorities, the heirs of Francois Grimaldi continued to engage in piracy and robbery, attacking merchant ships. Later they decided to legalize the theft and brought to the merchants' right of way by Monaco. Fee equal to 2% of the cost provezennyh goods. The tradition of looting passed from father to son, and so did not last a century, only the Great French Revolution at the time curbed this nest of robbers. The family of the then Prince Honoré III was arrested, his sister died on the scaffold. Monegasque National Convention decided to join France, but after the fall of Napoleon the monarchy in the kingdom was restored, and returned to the Grimaldi right "to plunder".
The Principality of Monaco passed from hand to hand - they owned the King of Sicily, Duke of Savoy, the Spaniards, Napoleon. Have always been a Princes Grimaldi.
In the early 60-ies of the XIX century the principality of Monaco was a quiet village, where the main occupations were fishing and agriculture; principality was on the brink of ruin. It survived only by selling salt and taking duties to enter France. The economy of the Principality at the time was simply catastrophic. In that case do the rulers? Of course, they raise taxes and impose new ones.
The new bourgeoisie wanted a brilliant holiday, and in the conduct of the prince's Grimaldi was just several kilometers wonderful coastal zone. True, there's really nowhere to sit still, entirely too shabby fishermen's shacks and orange groves. But this can be corrected.
The idea quickly and a lot of money on the game of roulette came up with the ruler of Monaco during a trip to the resorts of Germany, where gambling has flourished then. However, unlike millions of other players "hungry" Prince Grimaldi, watching torsion roulette grasped the main "system gain". The game is won or someone who does not play into it at all, or one who organizes the game.
In 1863 the company was established by the Society of sea bathing "under the leadership of Francois Blanc. Karl III granted the company an exclusive concession for the construction and operation of casinos, hotels and restaurants for 50 years. The company exists to date, and is one of the largest in Europe.
In order for a casino to be repaid, rather than damages, Blanc implements the first rule of gambling business - the player must quickly get to the casino, to live next to a casino, should rest in the casino. In 1864, François Blanc holds the Monaco railway splits around the building the casino gardens and parks, reconstructs the port, next to the casino is building a luxury hotel "De Paris", which immediately became the most prestigious and expensive hotels on the coast. In 1865, the grand opening of new casinos, and in 1866 a new neighborhood is named Monte Carlo. During the first three years of the new casino has earned so much money that Prince Charles III abolished for the citizens of his country's direct taxation, which reached up to current times.
Rise of the casino leads to prosperity and most Principality of Monaco. Developed city, there are beautiful parks, there are many hotels, gyms and nightclubs. Monte Carlo has become a meeting place for the international elite - beau monde goes only there. At the prince and his subjects attacked not so much a "golden rain", but a real "golden rain".
Since then, the principality has become a legend, a symbol of grand entertainment, balls, receptions and gambling. They were waiting for guests. And guests do not have to wait. Already in 1869 Monte Carlo 170 thousand tourists visited, and many specially sailed from America. The numbers at the time the giant. But it is not for mass tourism sought Charles III Grimaldi. He wanted to see in his guest quite a crowd. Old Crown business manager did it. It`s sais that Las Vegas was built for those who do not have enough money to go to Monte Carlo.
History of Monaco - is largely the history of the Grimaldi family. There are many legends about the family, but among them one of which Grimaldi prefer to say nothing but superstitious people believe what they had on the fate of the kind of devastating impact. This is the famous "curse kind of Grimaldi. According to legend, in the 13 century the first Monegasque prince kidnapped in Holland a beautiful girl, seduced and abandoned her. Beauty has become a witch and cursed his abuser: "None of Grimaldi is not given to know happiness in marriage!". The history of the princely family confirms this prophecy. For centuries, a family chronicle studded quarrels, divorce, untimely death.
And then, finally, something happened that seemed to tear this fatal chain. In 1956, Prince Rainier III led to the altar of one of the most beautiful women of that time - the rising star of Hollywood's Grace Kelly. Joining the European aristocracy and American glamor of Monaco for a long time has become fashionable. The transformation of a Hollywood celebrity princess has caused huge interest in the principality, which after World War II began to forget.
In Monaco, a cult of Princess Grace, carefully maintained by her children: all pictures, posters, name prospectus and gardens.