Public transport in London - a cliché that the whole world knows. Black taxi, red double-decker buses and "Tube"- the oldest in the world underground.
London - a huge city, world city. Accordingly, the urban transport should be a match for him - the world's values. There is perhaps no more famous and so often copied in the world of public transport than London. "Dabldecker" ride around in Bombay, Kunming and Singapore, a copy of wagons DLR sweep Kuala Lumpur, black taxi scurry to Calcutta. The legacy of the Empire, of course. But the legacy, more often, effective stuff.
The problem of congestion in London is easily solved. Want to enter the city center - pay. You live in the center and you have a car? Pay. 10 pounds per day (not counting parking) will force many to abandon cars in the city. Here and roads are exempt.
Strictly, on the one hand. And, on the other, more can you do with such narrow streets. Neither Moscow rings and avenues, or boulevards of Paris here. Not surprisingly, cars have become thinner and smaller. The most popular brand - "mini-Cooper."
But such a policy requires an extremely effective system of public transport. And he - transport, this - working quite correctly and clearly, though not always clear for a beginner.
Famous black mini taxi recently undergone a total replacement, but the new model retained the charm and impressive.
In the taxi sit on the rear seats (never seen seated in the front). Behind 4 seats - two in front of each other. Since the driver can communicate only through an intercom.
By the way, not all black taxi. Many painted advertisements.
Funny-looking they are very mobile. They say that taxi drivers in London you can ignore most of the traffic rules - for example, can be deployed wherever you want.
Famous dabldecker bus also rebranded. Oval shape changed to a square, an open rear platform left.
But even the new models extraordinarily beautiful and graceful. Watch them riding the flow of Oxford Circle is like looking at running herds of giraffes on the savannah.
But there, he flashes in the stream of old bus. At first I thought it was a tourist bus, but it turned out that the usual route. We left the joy of lovers of tradition.
In addition to buses and coaches have more buses. They are brown in color and with an open top. Their route passes by all the major attractions of the city. You can buy a ticket for a day or more and ride between the interests of points.
And finally the most important transport in London - the subway. London Underground is the oldest in the world, with 1863 in Russia at this time two years as serfdom abolished. And the U.S. has not banned slavery.
Today, London Underground has 268 stations and runs for 400 km - a world record. Branches are not so many, but most of them arborize no worse than the root system. On the platforms and trains have signs that tell to what station, and for what podvetke train.
Themselves Londoners call "the subway" - Tube, ie "Pipe". If you exit the station, then immediately clear from the name. The ceiling of most stations (Piccadilly line, for example) and low semicircular. Indeed visiting as if in a pipe.
Underground station is only in central London. 55% of all subway routes - on the surface.
On the eastern outskirts of the city goes "light metro" - DLR. These need to buy a separate ticket from the subway.
Metro is very expensive. Distinguished zones. Take out the center to the outskirts can cost 5 pounds (nearly $ 10). So it is more convenient to travel or take a day (5.5 pounds) or buy the Oyster Card - a magnetic card to travel on the subway and bus. In the metro ticket that it can put the money and report as necessary. With her on the subway fare much cheaper (1,5 pounds in the first zone).
Read data from card to a turnstile at the entrance and exit. It is a separate headache - sometimes at the inlet or outlet no turnstiles (this is especially characteristic for the stations DLR). Then it should look somewhere in the neighborhood. If not marked on the entrance or exit from the map after a certain time shall the maximum amount for the trip.
Even in the subway may be overseers. They check tickets and spetsustroystvom read magnetic cards. For stowaway - a fine of 20 pounds.