Our first stop was the Temppeliaukio Church, built into the rock of the city. See my (and many other's) review on that. Then we walked to the Central Railway Station, designed by famous Finnish architect Eliel Saarinen in the Finnish National Romantic style (Art Nouveau) in 1917. The Station has become a well-known landmark in the city.
Next back to the Esplanade, a lovely street of beautiful buildings - hotels and shops and restaurants - divided by an elegant grassy walkway in the middle with a couple of restaurants at either end. After a stop for a snack, we continued on to Senaatintori (Senate Square). There’s a statue of Tsar Alexander II; the Finns and Russians had close ties in the 19th century. Dominating the square is the stark white Tuomiokirkko (Lutheran Cathedral), high up a series of stairs. It was designed by Carl Ludwig Engel and built in the mid 1800’s in the neoclassical style.
We then walked a couple of blocks east to view the charming red brick Uspenski Cathedral on Katajanokka island. It was built as a Russian Orthodox church in the Byzantine-Slavonic style in 1868, designed by Aleksei Govnostayev of St. Petersburg. It is very attractive with the typical onion domes soaring above the street-level. We didn't have time to explore Katajanokka Island more but it looked like an interesting place to spend some time.
We then walked past the Kauppatori, the main market square with stalls offering crafts, knitted goods, furs, and so on, with the old Market Building beyond. Then past the Havis Amanda, a mermaid and dolphin fountain which is the symbol of Helsinki, designed by Ville Vallgren in 1908. Then we headed back to the ship.