Refreshed? Lets go on then!
From now onward, the walk continues around romantic canals, reflecting tall colorful buildings at any time of the day. All buildings are tall because taxes used to be based on the width of the building. Why they are so colorful I don’t know, but it looks really good. Stop at the Velvet rampart, this is the oldest canal in the city dug between 1342 and 1380. Just rich families originally lived here, dressing always in velvet, hence the name. At the corner of the Oudezijds Voorburgwal, the Archterburgwal and Grimburgwal is a proud of 17th century renaissance: The house on the three corners with three beautiful step gables.
Continue through Oudemanshuisprt (tiny street between the houses) till the next channel (Oudezijds) and turn right-south to follow it till Staal Street. This area was well known for cloth industry. For many years Rembrandt’s last great group portrait "The wardens of the Amsterdam drapers" hung in one of the houses in this street. This area is supposed to be the prettiest part of Amsterdam. Its blue bridge and skinny bridge keeps inspiring generations of artist for centuries. Return to Oudezijds and follow it to the north. The NH Doelen hotel used to be a tavern where militiamen would eat and drink. To make the place more cozy, Rembrandt’s 1642 painting the "The Night watch" hung here. On your right you can see the tower of South Church-first protestant church built after reformation.
Keep going north along the canal. After few minutes walk you will be standing in the New Market square. The building in front of you some 500 years ago used to be one of three main city gates and it also served as the defense tower. In 1617, the old weight house became too small and so this place started to be used. The first floor had another function; the guilds sit here.
The walk can be cut short by heading north via Zeedijk and crossing the canal to visit one of the oldest museums in Amsterdam; the Museum Our Lord in The Attic. This museum lets you wonder some 350 years back in the history, from daily life to the surprising church in the attic. Private churches become very popular after the prohibition of catholic religion. Thanks to Calvinism (that people refused to accept) we can admire this private church preserved from the 17th century.
From here you can wonder around the heart of old Amsterdam back to the Dam square. There is much more to see but we should preserve something for night walk as Amsterdam changes its face radically between day and night.