Caldbeck is situated in what is known as the "Northern Fells". I read once that it's exactly between Keswick, Carlisle, Cockermouth, and Penrith. . . to make it easier, I'd say it's about 30 minutes south of Carlisle by car.
Caldbeck's biggest claim to fame is that the famous huntsman John Peel (yes, he of the song) lies buried in St. Kentigern's, the the viilage's 12th century church.
The name comes from the river that passes through the village "Cald Beck" literally translated as "Cold Stream" and very picturesque it is too.
At one time, the village was known for mining, not just coal but various other minerals and records seem to show that there was mining activity in the area as early as the 13th century. However all that is but a distant memory and Caldbeck makes its money from tourists now (see further entries for eating and drinking).
Worth a view is "Priest's Mill", a water mill that has been restored to its former glory and is fully working once more.
Caldbeck lies in superb country for walking and cycling and is close to two well-known routes, the CtoC (Sea to Sea) and the Reivers Route. Caldbeck offers a couple of warm and welcoming pubs to quench the thirst of tired travellers. The village is worth a visit alone to see the quaint village green -- my aunt used to live in one of the cottages next to the pond. This really is what you think of when you imagine Lakeland villages.