Adelaide is the State Capital of South Australia and is an elegant city featuring traditional stone architecture and wide parklands. It was the first completely planned city in Australia and the first state not to be settled by convict labor.
The city of Adelaide was designed by Colonel William Light, the first Surveyor-General, in 1836. He laid his city out on a square mile grid pattern of wide streets and airy squares with a buffer zone of green parklands encircling it. Adelaide enjoys a Mediterranean climate with warm dry summers and cool winters. Average annual rainfall is 23 inches, with most of that occurring from May to August. In the summer months, Adelaide’s coastline near Glenelg becomes a temple for sun worshipers, and a late night haunt with pubs, clubs and restaurants.
Light’s Vision, located at the corner of Pennington Terrace and Montefiore Road in North Adelaide, offers a great lookout point and a wonderful place for photos. It is a beautiful park with a statue of Colonel William Light. From the park we could overlook the Adelaide Oval, internationally renowned as the world’s most picturesque cricket ground.
The center of Adelaide is marked by Victoria Square, located at the junction of Grote, Wakefield and King William Streets. King William Street is the widest of any Australian City thoroughfare, running completely across Adelaide. Impressive buildings include the Post Office, built in 1867; the imposing Renaissance-style Town Hall, completed in 1866; and the Ayers House, home of Sir Henry Ayers, who was elected Premier of South Australia seven times, built in 1955.
One very unique thing we saw was on the freeway in a heavily wooded area between Adelaide Hills and the airport. If it had not been pointed out to us by our guide, Dennis, we would have never noticed. On the concrete divider wall separating the lanes of traffic, about every 100 yards or so, were heavy mesh nets, about 2 feet wide. The nets were installed by the highway department to allow the Koala Bears to move from one side of the forest to the other across the highway.