The supply of gold appears inexhaustible, but the taxation is abusive. By order of the king, the society organized itself in religious brotherhoods which built its churches.
Felipe dos Santos and Friar Vicente Botelho react to the abuse of tax collection; spots of rebellion arise. The region simmers. To organize the exploration, Governor Antônio de Albuquerque orders the death of Felipe dos Santos and creates Villa Rica, in 1711. Villa Rica built palaces to protect rulers and the people. The primitive chapels gave way to constructions which impressed with their exuberant architecture.
The Church of Our Lady of Carmel is constructed to receive the aristocracy of Villa Rica. The architect who constructed the Church of St. Francis of Assisi was contracted by the St. Francis of Assisi Brotherhood. Two churches have a special mission above the others. They are the Main Church of Our Lady of Pilar, in the Pilar district and Our Lady of Conception, in Antonio Dias.
Common in the colonial era, almost always constructed in private houses on the corner, for exorcising spirits. Presently only two remain:
Bom Despacho - Bernardo Vasconselos street, corner of Paulistas street.
Santa Cruz - Barao de Ouro Branco street, corner of Santa Ifigenia street.
Pass of Passion
Little chapels where the Meeting Procession stops on Palm Sunday, for prayers and liturgical chants. This is the only day all over the year they are open:
Passo do Pretório - Antônio Dias district
Passo da Cruz as Costas - Tiradentes Square
Pass of the Coronation of Thorns - Sao Jose street
Pass of Flagellation - Getulio Vargas street
Pass of Veronica - Ponte Seca (Dry Bridge)
Chapel of Good Jesus of the Cold Stone -Cabecas district
Santa Cruz Chapel - Alto da Cruz district
Chapel of Nossa Senhora das Necessidades - Padre Faria district
Chapel of the Cross - Sant'Ana Mount
Chapel of the Cross of Souls - Rosario district.