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Museum of Topography-School of Mines

The survival of man has always depended on soil. Therefore, topography (topography = detailed description of a locality) is one of the oldest sciences. It has been employed since time immemorial, by the need of tribes, nations and peoples to put limits to their agricultural and hunting areas, as well as their political-administrative borders. On cave walls there have been found drafts of the first topographic plans.

Topography in modern era makes use of the most varied equipment possible and, given the difficulty in manufacturing, thus creating the most diverse and interesting constructive solutions.

Technological evolution has always brought topography along. Topography has never left any innovation aside. In this respect, we have a nice display of the changes which occurred in our museum.

The visit to this museum is a History class, in which we learn to appreciate our researchers, the forerunners of contemporary science, who, in their geniality, gave us its present state.

Among the countless items of its collection, are worth emphasizing: an Italian basemeter, with wooden structure, built at the beginning of this century; a number of declimeters, clisimeters, clinometers, also from the turn of the century; a vast collection of theodolites and topographic levels, from the most rudimentary to the most advanced; surveyor chains, metric tapes, compasses, etc.

Visiting hours : Working days, from 8 a.m. to 11 a.m. and from 1 p.m. to 5 p.m.

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