If you’re into music and are visiting Portugal, you must look for clubs that feature fado folk music. This soulful melancholy music expresses what they call "saudade," a haunting, poignant feeling of passion for a lost love or other personal longings. This is strong, powerful, emotional music even if you don’t know the language.
If you want to listen to fado before your visit to Porgugal, look for recordings by Amalia Rodrigues. When Rodrigues died in 1999 at the age of 79, her obituary called her the "Ambassador of Fado," and credited her with making it world famous. Today, singers such as Argentina Santos carry on her tradition.