on May 30, 2013
Next to the Grote Markt, commercial and social center of the city, located Burg Square, the center of administration. On this very spot Earl Baldwin built his castle in order to protect the territory subject to him from the attacks of the Normans and Vikings. Side by side at about the same time (X century) was built by the main church of the city - the Cathedral of St. Donatus, this place is now a small public garden and partial reconstruction of the church walls.The cathedral was built like a German Aachen Cathedral, and was destroyed in 1799 by the French, of the remaining antiques and art from the cathedral was transferred to the next Cathedral - St. Salvator. The cathedral had been buried many famous people: English princess Gunhilde, who died in 1087, the Flemish painter Jan van Eyck (1441), Spanish philosopher Juan Luis Vives, 1540.Here is one of the most beautiful buildings of Bruges - City Hall - the oldest in Flanders (1376). The facade is decorated with patterned six narrow windows in the Gothic style, with colorful flags and 48 statues of biblical characters and the Count of Flanders. During the occupation by French troops Bruges statues were destroyed, as well as the cathedral, and now on the front of copies of copies of the XIX century. If you have the time and desire, you can take the time to inspect the inside of the Town Hall, especially good Gothic hall of the same period of construction as the Town Hall. It is decorated with paintings in the Gothic Revival style in 1895 - pictures of the history of Bruges.Burg at all - a showcase of architectural styles Bruges. Next to the Town Hall is a building of the old city Office of the Renaissance (1534-1537), adorned with decorative statues of Justice, Moses and Aaron (the last two characters are likely to represent the conventional wisdom and the frailty of life). Since 1883, the building was used as a reference Magistrates Court. On the other side of it - the building of neo-classicism - the Palace of Justice (1722-1727), in which - the famous fireplace «Brugse Vrije» XVI century from wood, alabaster and marble, built to commemorate the victory of Emperor Charles V of the French king François I at the Battle of Pavia. In this exhibition of achievements bryuzhskoy architecture is also present in the Baroque style - House of the Cathedral of St. Donat (1662), which later became part of the palace of the bishops of Bruges.
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