on May 22, 2011
Not far from Piazza Navona is the Pantheon - the temple of all gods, he is - the tomb of celebrities such as Raphael and Vittorio Emanuele. The huge dome of the Pantheon is an engineering and architectural masterpiece: its diameter is 45 meters, with a single support for the dome there. In the middle of - a wide round hole, from where light penetrates the temple. Tourists are often lured to the Pantheon opportunity at noon to see this column of light, so dense, almost tangible. Wanting to behold a miracle will announce that this post is visible only in the summer when the sun is high, and the rest of the year and there is nothing to fuss. Pantheon - Temple of all Gods in Rome, an architectural monument, the only ancient building in Rome, have survived not in ruins. The date of its inception believe 27 BC, although the first building destroyed by fire between 118 and 125 years. BC, and after its rebuilt in the II century AD under the Emperor Hadrian. Centered design of a new temple was circular room - the original word in the architecture of those times. The emperor wanted to shape the church talked about the inviolability of the empire, and that the person in it, felt in the center of the universe. For this purpose was created unusual for ancient religious buildings grand dome (diameter over 43 m) with a circular hole at the top diameter of 9 m. This is the "eye" is the only source of lighting in the church. It also had to serve as a "window into heaven", so that during prayer the faithful to turn their gaze directly into the sky where the gods lived. The origin of this "eye" surrounded by legends. One of them says that during pereosvyascheniya temple demons were scattered out of the building, and the most enormous flew through the roof of the building, breaking the horns of a hole. Pantheon - a unique monument of ancient monumental art. Michelangelo found his "angelic and not human creation." A great artist admired the majesty of the facade of the Pantheon, with its sixteen 12-meter columns, a grand dome height of 43.5 meters (exceeding Cathedral of St. Peter's in Rome and Maria del Fiore in Florence) and the internal space that can accommodate over 2000 people. Subsequently, the church was renamed Santa Maria al-Martires, and it became the burial place of the great Italians, including two first Italian King - Victor Emmanuel II and Umberto I, Queen Margherita, the genius of Raphael painting, the architect Baldassare Peruzzi. The huge dome glittering in the sun gilded bronze, until it was removed by order of Pope Urban VIII (Maffeo Barberini) for the sculptor Lorenzo Bernini to make a canopy for the Cathedral of St. Peter. In the history of Rome became a sad pun: "What the barbarians did not do, Barberini did." Huge beautifully preserved buildings and majestic sad medieval interiors inside worthy of attention.
©Travelocity.com LP 2000-2009