on May 5, 2011
Uffizi Gallery - (Italian Galleria degli Uffizi-"gallery offices") - a palace built in Florence in the years 1560-1581, with an initial aim to bring all government services under one roof. The building of the Uffizi (architect Vazari, 1560-1580) represents two of the same type of construction, coupled indoor arch - a transition. The decor of the building is simple and strict: black stone (pietra serena) in combination with white stucco, the entrance is a portico with arcades. Appearance of the building clearly indicates its purpose - probably office buildings throughout the world have common features. Uniformity and rhythm of architectural style - it's an allegory of centralized power and its systematic work. Uffizi is a museum. In 1581, Francesco I de 'Medici, a passionate collector, he ordered to be moved to the Uffizi most valuable items from the family collection of palaces and villas and located on the second floor administrative offices to remove. Since then, the building became the Uffizi museum, in this connection were carried out significant restructuring. For the first time in the history of museums have been established exhibition halls. One of the first was set up "gallery of statues" (first passage) for the design of which invited a group of Florentine artists. Private collection becomes a public museum. Henry W. Morton in his book "Walking in northern Italy," wrote the most interesting things about the Uffizi Gallery: "Some visitors, moving along with the crowd on a beautiful gallery, may wonder why of all the capitals of the ducal family treasures of Italy retained only in Florence. This question is really worrying me since I arrived in the city. How did this happen?" Art collection, which even the expert could not estimate, survived after the death of the family that created it. Today you can see it on the walls and rooms of the palaces, for which it was intended. The miracle is created woman, whose name you do not often hear, even in Florence. It was the wife of the Elector of Anna Maria Lodovico, the only daughter of Cosimo III and sister of the last Grand Duke. 31 October 1737 last in the dynasty of the Medici, Anna Maria has signed a "family agreement" with Franz Stephan of Lorraine, the ruler of Tuscany, that the building of the Uffizi, Pitti Palace and all kinds of collections of the Medici become the property of the city. Anna Maria has set certain conditions: the monuments that are stored in the Uffizi, should never leave the city of Florence, the collection should be accessible to everyone. Thus, the Uffizi since 1737 declared "the sovereign's gallery", ie privileged place of public exposure of all the treasures of the Grand Duke. Thus, the Uffizi acquires the status of a public museum, before the Louvre, the British Museum, and most others. The best collection of works by Botticelli in the Uffizi - the main museum of his native city. It is equally natural that these works are collected in a building once owned by the Medici family, which was closely connected life of a famous artist. And in the Uffizi is open a large veranda where you can "digest" the impressions from meeting with the art, a little rest before long hikes through the halls of the gallery, have a drink hideous coffee, a breath of fresh air, smoke and take some photos of Florence from this relatively high points.
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