on December 17, 2010
The Tower of London is described as the heart and soul of England. The official name of The Tower of London is Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress, but it is more commonly known as the Tower of London and historically as The Tower. The Tower of London is a complex of several buildings built over the last thousand years set within two concentric rings of defensive walls, which in turn are surrounded by a moat.Tower of London history dates back to Roman time. In 1066 William The Conqueror landed in England and won the crown of England after beating King Harold. To help control London as well as England William The Conqueror built the White Tower. Over the following 900 years the White Tower has been extended and used as a royal palace, state prison, the Mint, a record office, observatory and zoo. Currently, The Tower of London is cared for by Historical Royal Palaces and is open all year to the general public as one of top places to visit in London. (1) Bloody TowerThe Bloody Tower is the most infamous tower. It's believed the Duke of Gloucester, later to become King Richard III, imprisoned and killed his two young nephews, the princes who were the rightful heirs to the crown. Another sad story was linking with the famous English sailor, Sir Walter Raleigh. From 1603 to 1616 he remained in the Bloody Tower as a prisoner. During the time he wrote the first volume of The Historie of the World about the ancient history of Greece and Rome. (2) Queen’s HouseQueen's House is a brown structure with white windows. Queen's House was built around 1530 with typical Tudor style, trimmed with wood. It survived the Great Fire of London of 1666 and is well preserved. That said Henry VIII built the Queen's House for his second wife, Anne Boleyn. Anne Boleyn arrived the Tower through the Traitors gate and was soon afterwards beheaded. In 1608, at Queen’s House Guy Fawkes was made to confess his plot to blow up the Houses of Parliament with gunpowder.(3) Tower GreenThe Tower Green is located in front of Queen’s House and Beauchamp Tower. Because beheading in the privacy of the Tower Green was considered a privilege of rank, so in fact not many people were killed there except two English Queens and other five British nobles. Most prisoners in the Tower were executed in public on Tower Hill just outside the fortress. (4) Beauchamp TowerThe Beauchamp Tower was built by Henry III and his son, Edward I, but takes its name from Thomas Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, imprisoned 1397-99 by Richard II. The three-storey structure was built for defensive purposes but used often for prisoners of high rank (5) Crown JewelsThe Jewel House is one of the big draws at the Tower of London. At Jewel House the objects used by the sovereign of the United Kingdom during the coronation ceremony and at other state functions are displayed. Tower of London crown jewels include the crowns, sceptres, orbs, swords, rings, spurs, and the royal robe or pall, as well as several other objects connected with the coronation ceremony. Every treasure there is priceless, but the most famous two are the 530-carat Star of Africa and Koh-i-Noor diamond. (6) White TowerWhite Tower is right in the centre of the Tower of London and is a high stone building. White Tower is one of the oldest remaining parts in the Tower and was built for William The Conqueror in 1100. That marks the start of the Tower of London’s history as both a palace and a fortress. Today it houses displays about the Royal Armouries’ collection and the Mint history. (7) The Medieval Palace and South Wall WalkOn the opposite site of the Bloody Tower there is an entrance to The Medieval Palace and South Wall Walk, which starts from St Thomas Tower. The Medieval Palace contained fabulous interiors used by medieval kings and queens during their frequent but short visits to their most important fortress. At the South Wall you can have a look at Thames river, the Tower bridge and hotels near Tower Bridge. Extra information: Tower of London opening times are from 9:00 till 17:30 from Tuesday to Saturday; from10:00 till 7:30 on Sunday and Monday. Tower of London tickets are £17 for adult, £14.50 for full-time students and senior citizens, and £9.50 for children under 16, children under five free of charge. Tickets may be purchased at the Tower itself, at any London Underground station or online. Generally you can get Tower of London offers via internet. It’s very easy to get Tower of London: by bus, tube, taxi and Thames clippers, etc. There are many hotels near Tower of London too. If you want to see Tower of London ghosts you can come to the ceremony of the Keys that takes place every night at the Tower.
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