on August 31, 2010
High above the city walls ascended the spire bell tower of Peter and Paul Cathedral - the highest building in town. With this fortress in 1703 began Petersburg, in the same year was founded and the cathedral.We get into the castle through Peter's Gate, designed by Domenico Trezzini - the first architect of St. Petersburg. We have before us a large courtyard paved with cobblestones - it is often in films. In the center - ployed house, where they sell tickets for entrance to the cathedral, there is also "grandfather of the Russian Navy" - a boat donated by the British Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich. All the opposite side of Cathedral Square is the facade of the Mint. Making money requires secrecy, and the coinage was transferred to the fortress still under Peter the Great. In Catherine's time and still all gold coins and silver rubles and silver coins, orders and medals were struck only at the St. Petersburg Mint. The highest building Peter (122,5 m) was constructed as Domenico Trezzini, and he looks very un-Orthodox - rather like the Catholic churches in the Baltic States and the Roman Baroque church. Weather vane in the form of an angel, holding one hand on the cross, another extending forward and upward, and is crowned by the spire of a ship along with the Admiralty and the Bronze Horseman one of the city's main emblems. Inside the cathedral in Protestant simple, but the Catholic influence is felt in the iconostasis - he richly decked, Zolochiv, and it seems not even fit in the dome space. Colossal magnitude arch royal gate, round sculptures, spectacular arch, resembling a gazebo - all this is absolutely not like a Russian iconostasis and resembles a cathedral in Munich and Prague. Review of the cathedral is interesting, but the reason, why come here daily crowds of tourists - the Romanov family vault (Peter moved it here to the Kremlin's Archangel Cathedral). Here lie all the Russian emperors, with two exceptions: Peter II had moved to court in Moscow, where he died and was buried in the Archangel Cathedral in the Kremlin, and John VI, baby overthrown from the throne, put to the ground, probably in Schlusselburg fortress, where he was imprisoned and killed detained while trying to escape. To the right of the altar - tomb of Peter, Elizabeth, both Ekaterinburg, Anna Ivanovna. From left - Paul and his wife, Nicholas I, Alexander I. All the tombs - from white Carrara marble. Only two exceptions: the massive tombs over the graves of Alexander II and his wife, Maria Alexandrovna. The monument at the grave of the Emperor is made of wavy green jasper, Empress - from pink with veins orletsa. Direct analogues served as tomb found during excavation of the Tithe Church in Kiev, and the sarcophagus over the burial of St. Irina in Constantinople. In 1998, Catherine chapel (on the right of the entrance to the cathedral, when facing the altar) were buried the remains of the victims shot in Yekaterinburg, 1918 - Nicholas II, Empress of the three grand duchesses, a family physician E. Botkin and the servants who died with owners. The remains of Tsarevich and one of the princesses (not Anastasia, by the way!) Were not found, so it is unclear why so much of the Anastasia legend of the miraculous salvation.
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