on June 29, 2006
One of the most impressive archaeological sites in the Americas, Teotihuacan flourished until 750 AD when it was abandoned. When the Aztecs arrived, they recognized the site's formidable history and named it Teotihuacan which means a place where gods are born. The Avenue of the Dead (Calzada de los Muertos) was named as such because the Aztecs believed the soul travelled in a north-south direction (like the avenue) on its way to the afterlife. The Pyramid of the Sun measures 225m on each side and 70m in height, almost as large as the Great Pyramids of Giza (231m base). At the north end of the Avenue of the Dead, lies the Temple of the Moon which was built directly over a cave in 2nd century AD. Caves were generally considered places where gods and ancestors emerged, as well as doors to the underworld. Only 46m high, it still affords great views over the city and countryside. It is easiest and cheapest to go with a tour guide. Bring food and lots of water and slather on the sunblock.
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