on April 27, 2005
On the first day of hiking the Inca Trail, several hours after you begin hiking, you will come across a cliff on your right that overlooks the ancient Inca ruin of Llactapata, also known as Patallacta on some maps. Llactapata means "upper town" in Quechua and was first discovered by Hiram Bingham in 1911. Our guide also told us the name of the town means "town around the mountain," or something similar, which makes sense since it was built around the base of the mountain. This was primarily an agricultural station used to supply Machu Picchu with maize, the staple crop of the Incas. The settlement was comprised of over 100 buildings, houses for the workers and soldiers, and several baths.
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