on March 8, 2002
The Moscow Kremlin is the center of the city. To get here by public transportation you can take the light green line to Teatral'naya, or the red line to Okhotny Ryad, or the dark blue line to Ploshchad Revolutsii. The Kremlin has been built and rebuilt since the time that Moscow was first mentioned in writing in 1147. It once had white walls. That was in 14th century. In the end of the 15th century Kremlin was totally rebuilt and most of its current appearance dates back to that time. This was the place of coronation of all the Russian tsars. The Kremlin has several museums and churches on its grounds. The Kremlin is built as a city inside the city. The walls and towers of red brick surround the perimeter. This is one of the best examples of the national Russian style of architecture. Inside there were some additions and removals since the 15th century. There are several building that date back to the 19th century and then there is the Palace of Congresses (a modern building - the addition of the 20th century). During Stalin's regime some of the churches were demolished but most are still intact. The Great Bell Tower, the one that's facing St. Basil's cathedral, chimes every hour. During the tsars, it used to chime "God save the tsar." During the Soviet regime, it was chiming the country hymn. The Red Square and Kremlin are adjacent and everybody has heard of the Lenin Mausoleum. The wall behind it is a large cemetery where all the former leaders of the country in the Soviet era and prominent figures like generals and diplomats are buried. In the next story we'll walk inside the walls.
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