One of the most amazing cities

The city is amazing, unique - "the most Russian of all European cities and the most European of all Russian"

St. Isaac's Cathedral

Member Rating 5 out of 5 by Zhebiton on October 13, 2011

It appearance is obliged to St. Isaac's Cathedral of Peter I, who was born May 30, the day of Isaac of Dalmatia, the Byzantine monk, once canonization. May 30, 1710 the emperor ordered the building near the Admiralty, St. Isaac's wooden church. The order was executed. The church was built near the shore of the Neva, on the west side of the Admiralty. It is said here February 19, 1712, Peter I was crowned with his wife Catherine.

St. Isaac's Cathedral in its present form was built from 1818 to 1858.

The height of St. Isaac's Cathedral is 101.5 meters. Around the drum of the dome 72 are installed solid granite columns weighing from 64 to 114 tons. The first construction of the column of this size raised to a height of 40 meters. The cathedral in size is the fourth in the world. It is second only to St. Peter's in Rome, St. Paul's Cathedral in London and St. Mary's Cathedral in Florence. Capacity of the cathedral - to 12 thousand people.

At Isaac's Square is a monument to Nicholas I.

Here is one of the best hotels in Saint Petersburg "Astoria" and the adjacent hotel "Angleterre", where he was found dead Sergei Esenin. "Astoria" and "Angleterre" currently consists of a chain of luxury hotels around the world "The Rocco Forte Collection".

I'll tell you about the cost of tickets in St. Isaac's Cathedral:
- Visit the cathedral 250 rubles and 350 rubles afternoon / evening and night
- Just the ticket to the colonnade of 150 rubles and 300 rubles afternoon / evening and night
Total to go to church to get on the colonnade - 400 rubles, with the nose. Students can enjoy - they are free!

Before you climb on kolonnalu adequately assess their strength. Climb up the spiral staircase too heavy!
St. Isaac's Cathedral
Isaakievskaya Ploshchad 1
St. Petersburg, Russia


Member Rating 5 out of 5 by Zhebiton on October 13, 2011

Peterhof is located 29 km from Saint-Petersburg on the southern shore of the Gulf of Finland. Why Peter decided to build a summer residence here for several reasons. One of them - an ideal location for the time being built between Kronstadt and St. Petersburg worthwhile.

Peterhof as the imperial residence built in 1714 - 1725, respectively. The Great Palace of Peter was originally a very humble, but was later rebuilt by his daughter, Empress Elizabeth.

Peterhof park territory is divided into two main parts: the upper and lower park. Upper Park area of ​​15 hectares, the area of ​​the Lower - 102 hectares. At Peterhof fountains huge number: 5 - in the Upper Park and more than 150 - in the Lower Park. Also in the Lower Park is located four stage.

Log in Upper Park is free. However, to enjoy the fountains in the Lower Park, it is necessary to defend the queue to the cashier and pay 250 rubles.

During the Great Patriotic War, Peterhof was destroyed by the Nazis. Many fountains are currently reconstructed copies.

In the form in which the Upper Park stands before us now, it was arranged after Peter. In the practical life of Peter ordered the break there gardens for growing vegetables.

The Grand Palace in September 1941 burned 3 days, all exhibits interior of the palace, which did not have time to take out, irrevocably destroyed. In addition, the central part of the palace in 1944, was blown up by the Nazis. So the modern look of the Grand Palace is a kind of post-war remakes.

Peterhof is certainly one of the most magnificent country residences of the Romanov dynasty, embodies the wealth and power of the Russian Empire during its heyday.

Marine channel created at the suggestion of Peter I, whom he assigned not only decorative, but the shipping function connects the Grand Cascade fountains to the sea. Width of the Sea Canal - 12 feet. Once it was possible to swim directly to the Grand Palace.

The main (large) stage of the Lower Park of Peterhof is unique fountains, one of the world's most beautiful architectural ensembles.
The centerpiece of the Great Cascade Fountain is "Samson" was first established in 1735 in honor of the 25th anniversary of the victory of Russian troops over the Swedes at Poltava (Poltava battle) won by June 27, 1709 in St. Day. Sampson Strannopriimtsa.
Samson is the tallest fountain, the height of the jet can reach up to 20 meters.

Appearance of Peterhof fountains over the years has changed. For example, in Peter's time, many of them were wooden. And in 1726 they have been ruined. The Office of the buildings requested the same figures cast in lead and gold.

But the most surprising thing in the fountains of Peterhof is not their numbers or beauty, but how they work. It does not use water pumps, or pumps. Water is gravity due to the difference in the level height.

To supply the fountains of Peterhof was specially built Ropsha wide channel 6.4 and a depth of 2.13 meters. Today, the length of culvert is 40 miles! And he created the drawings and led the first Russian hydraulic engineer Vasily Tuvolkova.

Back in 1715 he was sent to Peter for the study of hydraulics to France, and four years of training to be an engineer of the European level. He laid the basis for gravity water main principle of communicating vessels.

The water fountain is accumulated in 18 artificial ponds, reservoirs with a total area of ​​100 hectares. And when you open the damper locks, she rushes through the pipes to fountains and soars upward, trying to gain height, equal to that on which the ponds distributors. Even in the driest years, fountains of Peterhof beat the joy of the guests of this unique place.

Most of this palace and park ensemble of 102 ha is lower park with tenistnymi alleys, gardens, gazebos, pavilions, and, of course, fanciful fountains. Today we present a royal personages and walk on the Lower Park of Peterhof.

In the middle of an orchard is a fountain which is called the "Greenhouse". In the middle of a round pool a sculptural group, "Triton, tearing the jaws of a sea monster." From the point of the fight in fear of flow four turtles. From the mouth of a crocodile and turtle digging bubbling water jets. In the XVIII century sculptural group "hothouse" fountain was given a symbolic meaning: the image of Triton was personified young Russian navy, who inflicted a decisive defeat on the Swedish squadron at Gangut July 27, 1714.

A feature of the Lower Park is the large number of fountains, firecrackers remaining, indispensable attributes of the XVIII century parks.

Monplaisir in French means "my pleasure". That is how Peter I called a small palace with the adjoining site in the eastern part of Lower Park. The king himself chose the site for houses on the shore of the bay, drew a plan of garden in front of the southern facade of the building and gave instructions on how to plant flower beds and make a fountain.

The oldest fountains of Peterhof are symmetrically arranged "Adam" and Eve "by Peter I ordered the Italian sculptor Bonazzi in 1717 specifically to Peterhof. It is believed that the fountain "Adam" was made in Peter's life, and "Eve" is already in the reign of his wife Catherine I.

Marley - the name of the ensemble of the western part of the park, the palace and stage, borrowed from France. The title of one of the most beautiful country residences Sun King Louis XIV.
Peterhof Palace and Gardens
St. Petersburg, Russia

Full sightseeing tour of Peterhof

Member Rating 5 out of 5 by Zhebiton on December 12, 2010

Nostalgic trip on a commuter train along with the summer residents and grandmothers selling crosswords, then ten minutes by bus - and here he is, the Russian Versailles. However, Peter the Great was still outperform in terms of the Versailles fountains, at least. Compared with the fountains of Peterhof fountains of Versailles are pretty boring. Full sightseeing tour of Peterhof requires a minimum of 2-3 days, but if we look only to the palace and a park with fountains, rather than one day. In addition to the palace there are also all sorts of museums, business wit organizers who must pay tribute, but to watch all of this is impossible and too expensive. Over the entrance to every such institution are charged separately. Before the trip I was trying to find out whether you can buy a single integrated ticket for foreigners, even called them - were told that there is, and the official site too, so it is written, but at the last moment it turned out that at this time it did not sell. Would otherwise have to pay a hundred rubles instead of, say, five hundred. And so in several places at a time. In addition there are specialist museums, or in one of which I did not go as a museum, playing cards, the Imperial Museum Bicycle Museum of the Imperial yacht, and miscellaneous and other funds to pull another steward to the public. With all due respect, all these bikes with yachts and a diamond aces can be combined into a single museum, but that is not profitable ... In each of them charge a fee at retail. The same applies to several small palaces in the park, in addition to the Grand Palace.

Park is divided into two parts: the upper and lower. Divides them, in fact, the palace itself. The upper part is adjacent to the palace from the south, closer to the city, and it is more quiet. The lower part, the one where all the most famous fountains, located between the palace and the Gulf. It is because of this lower, that is, there must come down "the hill", allows the fountains operate without the use of special equipment, just as was done in the time of Peter the Great. The water just goes down from the upper reservoirs.

Fountain of Neptune, was created in Germany and was designed initially for Nuremberg, but for technical reasons it has not worked: the flow of water there was not strong enough. Paul first bought this fountain there and set in Peterhof. During the war, the Nazis took him back to Germany after the war he was again brought to Peterhof.

Palace ends with the two ends of the high wings, one of which is "under the cross," the second "under the emblem." The first in the photo, a second similar, only the top placed two-headed eagle.

We get down in the lower park, which is much larger and in which dozens of fountains.

The highest and most famous of all the fountains of the Grand Cascade - Samson tearing the lion's mouth, mounted in honor of the 25 th anniversary of Russia's victory over Sweden in the Battle of Poltava. Day of the battle coincided with the Orthodox saint's day Samsonov, so, in fact, was chosen as this statue, although originally planned to Hercules. Genuine statue, alas, was either stolen, or sawn by the Nazis during World War II, so it's post-war copy. The height of the water jet - more than 20 meters.

Cascade stage decorated with statues of heroes of ancient myths. Under ladders are caves in which you can go with an organized tour (not to wander far and should not drown, I suppose)

Go ahead through the park. Modest palace of Peter the First "Mon Plaisir". Inside survived some personal belongings of Peter, and he gathered a collection of paintings - Russia's first collection of paintings by European artists.
The rooms inside the "Monplaisir. In contrast to the large palace, the pictures are not forbidden, but my aunt asked for protection in small rooms do not stop, and pass-dimensional communist march. There they have just such a crowd that I'm crazy, if a second late. Military logic tetenek-guards and tour guides in St. Petersburg's cultural institutions defies rational explanation.

Cascade Chess Mountain, also known as "cascade of Dragons", named after the colorful dragons in its upper part. Unfortunately, you need a very good bounce or break one's neck to see these dragons near.

Pavilion of the Orangerie, preceded by a fountain of Triton, the younger brother of Samson. " Triton is also someone breaks and also to commemorate the victory over Sweden. Actually, in general, Peterhof was built to commemorate the victory over Sweden and as a consequence of this victory, because it is Russia after it gained access to the Baltic Sea.
Peterhof Palace and Gardens
St. Petersburg, Russia

Catherine Palace

Member Rating 5 out of 5 by Zhebiton on December 26, 2010

Train plus bus plus a walk along the park surrounding the channel, in which poezhivalis from the morning cold autumn ducks - in front of me and Catherine Palace.

The length of the facade of the palace, the main residence of Russian emperors from Elizabeth and ending with Alexander I, more than 300 meters, he rebuilt practically from scratch after the war, the interiors restored to the present day, and now, after more than 60 years, restored more than half of the rooms. Best time to visit - the morning nevyhodnogo day when the 10 am along the 300-meter facade is formed not too long queue. As in other places, for both Russian and foreign citizens Admission is different, integrated ticket does not exist.

Inside the palace is allowed unprofessional shooting without a flash. The interiors are covered lamps, creating a pleasant shade, especially in this weather. Auntie-to guides Charmed vote was taken for a bevy of visitors as gamelnskie Pied Piper flute lead in rats. They say they are interesting enough, you are required at the time of the story are not separate from the group that does not make noise, do not make any sudden movements, not breathing and did not exist. Otherwise, a good aunt turns into a terrible fury and begins to hurl through the eyes of lightning. Interiors infinitely beautiful. If I were imperateritsey Catherine, I would have spent their days in this palace, looking at the rain outside the window, in philosophical conversations, and long evening meditations for the good of the nation, the role of personality in history, having tea with the maids of honor and a game of cards with mistresses.

A fragment of the famous Amber Room, which a few years ago, completely restored. The only hall where forbidden to photograph, so I cheated vigilant aunt made an average scall shot hidden camera. I think if I spotted this, would be picked up by white hands and led to the shooting at a nearby parade ground. History of the Amber Room (plus pictures of normal quality) is described in detail in a very informative site of the palace and the entire Museum Tsarskoe Selo.

Let's walk through the park. Park quite extensive. It consists of "regular" and "landscape"part. Regular part is that where open space intersect alley, statues, fountains and neatly planted flowers on the lawns. Landscaping - the one where it grows dense forest and the tracks are unknown hut on chicken legs. I liked the part of the landscape is much more of its mystery and romance.

Gallery adjacent to the Agate Rooms and to the palace. The lower floor has an exhibition devoted to the history of the royal family, the upper gallery there are nothing but a covered walkway, decorated with busts in antique style. On this gallery she loved to walk the Empress Catherine. On the other side of the gallery is made of the slopes without steps to the park to an elderly empress did not bother walking up the stairs.

Around the park are scattered numerous pavilions. Some of them were destroyed during the war and is still being restored. Another part contains the temporary exhibitions. The third part is simply closed.
Tsarskoe Selo
St. Petersburg, Russia

Hall ancient arts and crafts

Member Rating 4 out of 5 by Zhebiton on August 19, 2010

Before the museum (formerly the Mikhailovsky Palace, architect. Rossi), in the best traditions of St. Petersburg - a great classic Park Square. In the center of the square stands a bronze inspired Pushkin (sculptor M. Anikushin), the head of which necessarily sits a dove.
Walking quietly does not work - and want to reach a maximum In the endless galleries and halls, and climb the thought that we should have today in St. Petersburg.
I was surprised that the museum was quite hot and even humid (July, on the street the rain), then there is some special temperature conditions for the pictures here are clearly lacking. The windows, window frames in the Russian Museum of St. Petersburg were muddy and badly washed. I really - have been greatly impressed.
Hall ancient arts and crafts - I really recommend.
So - in the Russian Museum, exhibited such creations - wood carving, embroidery, lace, paintings and so forth, that instantly and quickly becomes clear that before you - masterpieces! Man after all, not even having a special professional art education, is able to subconsciously feel the beauty, catching vibes of harmony. When you see a piece of Russian hut - skate, shutters, pricheliny and others, see the carved luxury of imagination and skill - you received compare with the emotions of viewing the Mona Lisa at the Louvre. It's not worse. True. This is the same level.
I'm here, finally, saw live neplyuevskuyu small plastic pot Rozanov, Okulovsky service (it Gzhel). I realized that hidden beneath that loud word "masterpiece" - so when you look and do not abated, and do not add - the ideal line, proportion, color, layout drawing, painting itself. Is it possible to improve the shape of a flower daisies? Yes impossible. Same here - products made by the hands of the masters are almost natural perfection.
What are Vologda Lace ...
What Palekh, Zhostovo, Bogorodskaya toy, filigree and other ...
What are their hand wrought gold. Because these works - in a museum, and the mass of similar, but not so - on the stalls and the comparison does not stand. That's why there is dissonance between meaningful products and commercial crafts. And so it follows, and such disregard for the Russian folk crafts - they openly discredited forgeries.
The Russian Museum
4 Inzhenernaya Str.
St. Petersburg, Russia

In Pavlovsk need to come for all day.

Member Rating 4 out of 5 by Zhebiton on August 19, 2010

What we know about Paul I. Here is his encyclopedic presentation: "The son of Peter III and Catherine II. Emperor 1796 - 1801 (5 years). Sons, Alexander (the future Emperor Alexander I), Constantine, Nicholas (the future Emperor Nicholas I), Michael and 6 daughters. " He was married twice, both times in the brides eyes he chose Catherine II, but the second time he accidentally found his soul mate - Prussian Princess Sophia Dorothea of Wurttemberg, daughter of Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg (Maria Feodorovna). It was a happy marriage. He lived for 47 years. Their children are beginning Holstein-Gottorp branch of the Russian imperial family tree.

He put the blame that he has reformed Russian army on the Prussian model. And relied on a favorite Arakcheeva. But the emperor has introduced a decree on 3-day corvee, ie, facilitated the peasants life and led the Russian army put Alexander Suvorov, who in 1899. made a brilliant Italian and Swiss campaign.

The Palace:

Arch. Charles Cameron - 1st floor: Dance hall, old room, billiard room and dining room white;

Arch. V. Brenna - 2nd Floor: Italian and Greek hall, front bedroom, living room war and peace, as well as the Art Gallery, the Throne Hall and Kavalersky;

Arch. J. Quarenghi - 1st floor: Old or crimson, General, New and Pilyastrovy rooms, Dressing Room;

Arch. Voronihin working to restore the interior after the fire;

Arch. Rossi - Library.

Pay attention to the ceiling (painted ceiling) in the Throne Room or the State Dining Room (lean-to P. Gonzaga) - an optical effect of a flat surface. The blue vase in the hall of the World - a gift of Napoleon I's son Paul, Alexander I, is very beautiful its silhouette against the background of the park, vidneyuschegosya out the window.

In the portraits of his wife Maria Feodorovna Paul full-length (thin-to A. Roslin) in the Small Hall and a charming portrait (thin-to M-B. Voile) in Freylinskoy. Instead it hangs a picture "Cupidon" the bow, the arrow is always aimed at the viewer, I do not know why, but it is very memorable, and often found on the stalls near the palace as a souvenir, perhaps a kind of Pavlovsk`s souvenir.

The park district is a big star. The square itself, from which radiating 12 lanes, bordered with bronze statues of Greek gods 2 - Apollo (the leader of the Muses, the god of the Sun) Mercury, 7ми muses - Thalia (Muse of comedy), Melpomene (muse of tragedy), Erato (muse of love poetry) Terpsichore (muse of dance), Calliope (muse of epic poetry), Urania (muse of astronomy), Clio (muse of history) and 2 Goddess - Flora (goddess of vegetation) and Venus (the goddess of love and beauty).

After Paul strangled his wife and children lived in Pavlovsk. In one of the inaccessible areas of the park (on the edge of the ravine), she built a mausoleum in honor of her husband. They've loved each other. And written on the pediment: "Wife-benefactor.

When we left the palace on the square a band played and was a wonderful children's musical ballet costume. We were told that right now there is something like the Feast of Roses (flowers). He wanted so badly to walk from the heart of Landscape Park. In Pavlovsk many artists with easels - because this is really beautiful natural images.
19 Miles South of St. Petersburg
St. Petersburg, Russia
+7 (812) 470-2155

most famous museum in Russia

Member Rating 5 out of 5 by Zhebiton on August 31, 2010

The biggest and most famous museum in Russia, located in the former imperial residence - the Winter Palace. The site of the Hermitage, perhaps, one of the best museum sites in the world

Entry for Russian tourists is 100 rubles. In the dressing room should go only after bought the ticket without being thereof you simply do not take things. In outerwear, large bags, should take all the photos and video equipment, if you do not have tickets for the shooting. In my opinion, the sale of tickets to film - a good feeder for the directorate of the museum, but it's so cynical on their part - to take charge, knowing full well that most rooms do not be anything off - because of the dull light, or peculiarities of the location. And in some rooms do not shoot with flash, and shoot with a professional tripod can not be in all rooms. By the way, the Hermitage is not empty and with mobile phones that can take pictures - or forced to surrender, or to buy a ticket. At the same time the Hermitage absolutely not suitable for storing photographic equipment: expensive things just the same stuff into your backpack, or formed under the "counter", which put things when they rent. The administration, as usual, no responsibility!

I apologize in advance for naturalism, but further discussion focuses on the Hermitage toilets. I visited one, the one at the entrance, at the ticket offices, and to me that was enough to understand how the Hermitage management respects its visitors: such toilets for the last time I saw deep in his youth, at some provincial railway station, and then when they were still free - for the main toilets, in fact, the Russian Museum, a startling sight - dirty and caked with something floors, the smell, cabins with green plywood walls, the height of which ends at the level of your shoulders, broken locks booths, worn plumbing, and complete absence of toilet paper! In silence alone the soap, paper towels and units for drying hands - these things are simply not available here! That's what they see foreigners coming to St. Petersburg. In my three young British women were photographed against a background of cubicles, standing, pardon me, on the toilet and leaning on top of them, and then took off, as each of them the other two hold the door cubicle! And we then are surprised when told about the horrors of Russia and bikes? What surprised when a unique marble staircases Hermitage perfectly, as it turned out, side by side with the most wretched toilets.

With a few ruffled mood we are beginning to view Hermitage. In the Egyptian hall, as usual, full of people, and a pair of Japanese attempts to remove the massive sarcophagus and mummy of the present (the most popular exhibit hall) - during our walk through the Hermitage, we do not just see them - for shooting objects buried deep under the glass.

Major surprises await us in the Italian study Hermitage: first, we see a sculpture by Michelangelo (not the best work of the Master, of course), and in the next room we see a picture by Caravaggio "Lute Player", which had a bold experiment: in addition to a boy with a lute, the painting shows a bouquet flowers, and some fruit on the table. One of the perfume companies in Italy and the leadership of Piedmont offered Directorate Hermitage create the smell paintings of Caravaggio. We saw a small table in front of the picture, which has reproductions of paintings, and in front of her - 9 vials of scents of the flowers and fruits, which are depicted in the painting, the 10th vial is a combination of all 9 flavors and, in fact, the smell of pictures! Interesting smell, smells like the Middle Ages most interesting that the author of these odors is immediately - this is a pretty Italian, which is something joyfully tells two old.

Hall also was pleased by Rembrandt - the Hermitage is the largest in the world of foreign collections of his works. Just at the time of our visit to the museum brought one of the paintings, "Pallas Athena", sold by the Bolsheviks in the 30 years due to lack of money, now it is in the Museum of Lisbon, and temporarily brought to the Hermitage.

Be sure to visit the loggia of Raphael - is, in fact, a long spacious hallway, whimsically painted - ton copy of the same corridor of Raphael in the Vatican Museum.
Winter Palace/State Hermitage Museum
Palace Embankment, On The Neva River
St. Petersburg, Russia

With this fortress began Petersburg

Member Rating 4 out of 5 by Zhebiton on August 31, 2010

High above the city walls ascended the spire bell tower of Peter and Paul Cathedral - the highest building in town. With this fortress in 1703 began Petersburg, in the same year was founded and the cathedral.

We get into the castle through Peter's Gate, designed by Domenico Trezzini - the first architect of St. Petersburg. We have before us a large courtyard paved with cobblestones - it is often in films. In the center - ployed house, where they sell tickets for entrance to the cathedral, there is also "grandfather of the Russian Navy" - a boat donated by the British Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich.

All the opposite side of Cathedral Square is the facade of the Mint. Making money requires secrecy, and the coinage was transferred to the fortress still under Peter the Great. In Catherine's time and still all gold coins and silver rubles and silver coins, orders and medals were struck only at the St. Petersburg Mint.

The highest building Peter (122,5 m) was constructed as Domenico Trezzini, and he looks very un-Orthodox - rather like the Catholic churches in the Baltic States and the Roman Baroque church. Weather vane in the form of an angel, holding one hand on the cross, another extending forward and upward, and is crowned by the spire of a ship along with the Admiralty and the Bronze Horseman one of the city's main emblems.

Inside the cathedral in Protestant simple, but the Catholic influence is felt in the iconostasis - he richly decked, Zolochiv, and it seems not even fit in the dome space. Colossal magnitude arch royal gate, round sculptures, spectacular arch, resembling a gazebo - all this is absolutely not like a Russian iconostasis and resembles a cathedral in Munich and Prague.

Review of the cathedral is interesting, but the reason, why come here daily crowds of tourists - the Romanov family vault (Peter moved it here to the Kremlin's Archangel Cathedral). Here lie all the Russian emperors, with two exceptions: Peter II had moved to court in Moscow, where he died and was buried in the Archangel Cathedral in the Kremlin, and John VI, baby overthrown from the throne, put to the ground, probably in Schlusselburg fortress, where he was imprisoned and killed detained while trying to escape. To the right of the altar - tomb of Peter, Elizabeth, both Ekaterinburg, Anna Ivanovna. From left - Paul and his wife, Nicholas I, Alexander I.

All the tombs - from white Carrara marble. Only two exceptions: the massive tombs over the graves of Alexander II and his wife, Maria Alexandrovna. The monument at the grave of the Emperor is made of wavy green jasper, Empress - from pink with veins orletsa. Direct analogues served as tomb found during excavation of the Tithe Church in Kiev, and the sarcophagus over the burial of St. Irina in Constantinople.
In 1998, Catherine chapel (on the right of the entrance to the cathedral, when facing the altar) were buried the remains of the victims shot in Yekaterinburg, 1918 - Nicholas II, Empress of the three grand duchesses, a family physician E. Botkin and the servants who died with owners. The remains of Tsarevich and one of the princesses (not Anastasia, by the way!) Were not found, so it is unclear why so much of the Anastasia legend of the miraculous salvation.
Peter and Paul Fortress/Peter and Paul Cathedral
Zayachil Ostrov (hare Island)
St. Petersburg, Russia

Alexandr Nevsky Monastery

Member Rating 4 out of 5 by Zhebiton on August 31, 2010

Alexander Nevsky Monastery was founded by Peter in 1710 at the spot where, in his view, occurred in 1240, a battle between Russian and Swedish, for which Prince Alexander of Novgorod and was much later that the name of Nevsky. In fact, the battle occurred a few dozen miles south, at the confluence of the Neva and Izhora. Why Alexander Nevsky? Because Russia was at war with the Swedes. And, as the most important monastery, this almost immediately given the status of Lavra. It even moved the relics of Alexander Nevsky Cathedral of the Assumption of the city of Vladimir (in fact, a sly the Vladimir left a part of the hands of the prince).

Entrance to the abbey was free, but money is worth visiting two cemeteries on either side of the entrance, and the Church of the Annunciation (where several members of the Romanov family and Suvorov). Generally around the monastery five cemeteries: the above three still need to add the Communist platform and Nikolskoye cemetery, behind the cathedral (where all go to see the graves Sobchak and Starovoitova).

We buy at a kiosk at the entrance to the necropolis of two tickets and enter the first - Necropolis 18 th century. By the way, in the ticket price includes guide service - that is, you can easily join any group. At first we just walked through the cemetery the rain, and then sit down next to a group of 6 people with a guide.

It is believed that the cemetery - not a place for walking, especially clearly understand that, walking among the tombstones in the rain. Prior to Catherine the Great was buried at the cemetery only the nobles, but the queen, determined to replenish the treasury, allowed for a fee, and then bury a merchant guild, ie millionaires, their tombstones are particularly pomp and value. Worth to see the grave of Pushkin's wife - Natalia (second marriage Lanskoy), her second husband is buried there, his name was on the other hand tombstones, Lomonosov (Moscow State University), Euler, Krasheninnikov, Fonvizin, Witte, architects Rossi, Kvarnegi. To the right of the entrance - a small crypt, which is open only in summer - there Crypt Sheremetevs.

The second cemetery is much more spacious! Right at the entrance - the grave of Krylov on the right side on a small alley - the graves of friends of Pushkin's Lyceum (Delvig and others), close to the wall - the grave of Dostoevsky - it is moving purposefully to her a few Japanese tourists. Interestingly, this is the grave - the only burial, which was implemented on the money to the church, all the other graves are made on the money relatives, or admirers of talent. From Dostoevsky's usually go to a number of graves of famous composers: Rimsky-Korsakov, Tchaikovsky, Glinka, Musorskogo, and further to artists - Shishkin, Kramskoy.

After a stroll through the cemetery, we go to Holy Trinity Cathedral. Main sanctuary of the temple - the power of Alexander Nevsky. Adventures of most of the relics could be the basis for a detective novel! After the revolution, they have transferred to the Museum of the History of Religion and Atheism, which is located in the Kazan Cathedral, but in 1941 they remembered about them - the enemy was already at the gates of Leningrad! Then we took the historic decision - that the defenders of the city brought their military oath, not only at the grave of Suvorov, and the relics of Nevsky (Kutuzov as they had not dragged there from the Kazan Cathedral, a). At that time it was created the Order of Alexander Nevsky as military award. Might have to search, and searched long and hard - apparently, those who were aware, were to the point shot or afraid. For a while they searched for even in Moscow - allegedly took place! Discovered them by accident - came upon a silver shrine with the relics in the basement of the Kazan Cathedral. The reliquary was brought after the war in the Hermitage, where our good-looking, but quite grasping the Patriarch sent for power back to the abbey in 1989. Cancer, however, did not return the Hermitage - a work of art that you want. Find the power of the prince inside the cathedral is simple - from the entrance way to the right, past the turn to kissing will not pass.
Alexandr Nevsky Monastery (Lazarev and Tikhvin Cemeteries)
Ploshchad Alexandra Nevskogo
St. Petersburg

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