Florence is believed to have the greatest concentration of art in the world.
by Zhebiton on June 9, 2013
Gorgeous location (center, in the street with boutiques, beautiful entrance between Tiffany and Barberry).The hotel is old. On the one hand an old - and that's great. The decor, the atmosphere, on the other - it is frankly old.Room is normal, clean bathroom, the shower is terrible - very cramped and uncomfortable. Plastic cups (enough for 4 stars?), television ... it is so small I even could not watch it (At least I think if you replace it - just experience will be different.)Breakfast is decent, though not hot - fresh juices, fruit, biscuits, cheese, cold cuts, cereals, etc. With the ability to eat it on the roof, where the view is very beautiful, round flowers and greenery.If you prefer to not liking the old and modern convenience - it is better to choose something else. Romance and location of the hotel, the beauty of the aforementioned antiques and cozy atmosphere of the halls and common living-room (with fireplaces, statues, antique chests) compensates for the shortcomings of others.Staff are friendly, courteous, helpful, professional at the reception and at breakfast time.
by Zhebiton on May 22, 2011
In the church of Santa Croce (Holy Cross) tombs of Michelangelo, Galileo, Machiavelli, Rossini and other "stars" of the past centuries. Also, this church is famous for the empty tomb of Dante, which the Florentines at the time expelled from the city for political speech. Dante lived in Ravenna, wrote there his "Divine Comedy" and died, and Florence knew that has lost a genius, and demanded the body back to that troubled Ravenna and Florence showed a large fig. Here and now stands at Santa Croce empty tomb.
by Zhebiton on May 5, 2011
Ponte Vecchio - the oldest and most famous of the seven bridges in Florence, exchanging over the River Arno. Ponte Vecchio, as we know it today, was built in 1345 by architect Taddeo Gaddi and a nifty three-arch design with numerous shops, located on either side of the bridge. I have this bridge enchanted at first sight. No, not even true. I was waiting for a meeting with the bridge. Even before the trip to Florence, I knew that this bridge - one of the main attractions of Florence (and on the part of the attractions of this city well, very rich!). Especially fascinating look this bridge in the dark Tuscan night under a full moon. According to the traditions of the Middle Ages, the bridge was divided by 38 is absolutely equal-sized chunks, which conducted trade. Here, traders are still living. On the second floor of their shops and warehouses. Previously traded here first butchers, then grocers, blacksmiths and other merchants. And later on the orders of the ruler of Florence, Ferdinand I here were allowed to sell only jewelry. They sell now. A trade butchers on the bridge banned for a very interesting reason. The reason for this - the construction of Corridor Vasari - indoor galleries kilometer length, passing over the bridge of Ponte Vecchio. The corridor was built in 1564, designed by Giorgio Vasari. It was built in just 5 months for the wedding of Francesco I de 'Medici and Giovanna of Austria. The corridor is a covered passage, reaching high above the ground, almost 1 km long and connects the Palazzo Pitti, which served as the residence of the Grand Duke, and the Uffizi, or offices, where he worked. See in the photo below - under krasnocherepichnoy roof, starting right at the Uffizi Gallery, the Vasari Corridor bending at right angles, goes over the bridge Ponte Veko. By the way, due to the fact that residents of one of the towers, through which the gallery was to be held, did not agree to leave their homes, the gallery has a few unusual curved shape. Starting from the Western Corridor Uffizi Gallery (entrance between halls 25 and 34), exit corridor to the river and then along the river Arno, the Old Bridge (Ponte Vecchio) to the Pitti Palace. While the bridge was located meat market, unpleasant odors which could offend the Duke of aristocratic nose. So the market moved to another location, and on the bridge since then (more precisely, with 1593) there are shops of jewelers. Afternoon on the bridge hum with life. Crowds of tourists staring and asking prices to display in ancient jewelry stores.
La Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore - Cathedral, Florence, who glorified the whole of Europe. Enchanting structure, whose length is 130 meters and width 90. More imbued this masterpiece arhitekrutnym as familiarity with the history of this protracted, lasting much as 6 centuries! Everything started back in 1296 when started working on an ambitious project. The tasks were difficult: the size should have been allowed to include all the city's population, and coupled with the dimensions of furniture and decoration were thrust in his belt ancient Tuscan rivals - Siena and Pisa. The temple was built on the site of the old cathedral of Santa Reparata, which had already started to fall apart, and its dimensions are no longer accommodate all the parishioners. Facade in the form in which we see it, only appeared in 1887, its author - Emilio de Fabris. Thus, a painful, almost shestivekovoe construction was completed. If you bypass the cathedral on the right will open here a view of the dome. Since its erection byliv time problems due to huge sizes span sredokrestya (42 m). Architect Brunelleschi solved the problem by applying ingenious design: easy hollow dome, consisting of two shells, skeleton system of eight load-bearing edges of shingles of the rings, skylights, and closing the loading code. Since the dome was built without buttresses, and without the forest, Brunelleschi had to invent along the way a number of machines and mechanisms necessary for lifting building materials and structures at high altitude. Along with the lantern of the dome height is 107 m. The outstanding Italian architect Leon Battista Alberti wrote about the creation of Brunelleschi that it was "a great ... towering to the sky building overshadows them all the Tuscan earth. " Here is the dome itself. It was impossible to get closer, I can not remember why. But even from this distance one can appreciate the skill of painting. Brunelleschi's project did not include decorating, but in the years 1572-79. roof of the dome was painted by artists, Vasari and Dzukkari.
If in a crowded Uffizi paintings hung on the ages, schools and artists, in the Palazzo Pitti, another great art gallery in Florence, less known to the general public (the Japanese are big fans of tours "All city attractions in one day, there is banal no time) paintings hang just for beauty. " The thoughtful hostess (and maybe - the owner) a few hundred years ago, gave orders to his servants to place "this titsianchika to rafaelchiku out that" since all have since remained. Masterpieces of world art as decoration, not all are understood. And for me - at the time. Graf, princes, cardinals are looking at us from the portraits. But both in their number in the Palace of Grand Duke came Oliver Cromwell? .. It turns out to blame a letter to the Protector's dad to stop the persecution of the Waldenses. In case of refusal the British navy had promised to appear on the Tiber. Alexander was so scared a letter that he agreed to meet demand. That in turn led to the delight of the Grand Duke Ferdinand II and spodvigli send Cromwell artist Lely proposed the portrait. Cromwell agreed with pleasure and promised to return the portrait of Ferdinand as a gift. Perhaps it is this pattern of forced Cromwell to utter his famous warning: "Mr Lely, I wish that you used all of your talent for writing accurate portrait without any flattery; Catch all the bumps, all the pimples and warts, or I do not pay you a penny ". If this is indeed the picture, the artist has obviously suffered a complete failure. The Englishman, who visited in 1658, Pitti Palace, wrote: "Here hangs a portrait of the deceased Lord Protector of England, it is not quite like." The most famous female face Pitti Palace belongs to Eleanor Toledo. Brondzino captured her and her son Giovanni. Her oyster-colored satin dress with black and brown velvet pattern in which it was later buried. Cellini could not find it a common language - his tactless compliments led Eleanor furious. She was the daughter of the viceroy of Naples, her marriage to Cosimo I was happy and full of harmony, although it ended in tragedy. At the 1562nd herself and her two younger sons died within a month from malaria.
If you're happy decided to look into the Palazzo Pitti in the morning, do not forget after dinner stroll in the Boboli gardens, which served as a model for the creation of Versailles. Sometime in the alleys of the garden the Duke and his courtiers played hide and seek and catch birds. In the pond grown fish that were served to the table. Everywhere seething life. From the life of the trees, fountains and statues. Neptune with a trident. Statue of "Abundance". Actually, it was conceived as John of Austria, wife of Francesco I. But he loved another woman, and John was abandoned. And in life, and in the stone. For a long time lain in a drawer, a statue in the end she saw the light, but as an allegorical figure. " In the courtyard of the Palazzo Pitti held tournaments, and wedding celebrations. Top actors and artists of that time argued for the right to create costumes and scenery celebrations. Once the mechanics at the yard of the boards was knocked makeshift pool. As he poured the water and made a "sea" in the manner of presentation of the show from the Roman Colloseo where gladiators, though they fought for real. If the search is strongly in the same court can find relief a donkey. Unfortunate animal's nice to work for the construction of the palace and izdohlo from work. There are plenty of monuments of donkeys in a figurative sense. But so that the monument has got an ass-natural - a rarity ... Once in the Boboli gardens located city zoo. Lions, symbols of the Republic, the Florentines initially held at the city's main square near the Palazzo Vecchio. Stone Florentine lion, "Il Marzocco", and now it sits on its pedestal, holding in its claws a shield with the Ducal Florentine lily. But later the Lions moved to the Palazzo Pitti. An eyewitness described how the Duke and his entourage from the edge of a specially dug pits observed on the occasion down the battle of predators. Pounded lions back in their "flat" tricky machine as a huge green dragon on wheels. Inside was driving the car a man in his hands he held two burning torches - Eye Dragon. " "From such a horror of the world's worst rogue popryachetsya into his hole," - wrote an eyewitness. In 1488 the Egyptian sultan gave Florence a giraffe. Long-necked animal became a favorite of the townspeople. People every day, ran to look, with a tenderness and grace of a giraffe takes the apples from the hands of small children. With the onset of winter, the Florentines were burning huge bonfires to warm the animal. To their great regret giraffe gave ends next year.
Piazza della Signoria - the heart of Florence. Over the centuries, this area was the center of the political life of Florence, with its associated key events in its history. On this square rulers of Florence were executed rebels. In 1498 there was burned the monk Savonarola. Here and now full of life - tourists tourists tourists))) Horses that pull tourists, "parked" here on the Square Interestingly, the original plan of Piazza della Signoria was not provided. When the Romans on the site of today's rack-and-wall palazzo was a theater, from the ruins of which the descendants of economic concocted a fair amount of towers. In the tower were settled with the family of Uberti ever, but because they were furious Ghibellines, then in 1260, after the final victory of Guelph, their houses (the number 3b) were razed to the ground, sprinkle with salt, so nepovadno was, and (as with great sympathy report Farinata degli Uberti in the X song "Hell") arranged on the site area, which for seven centuries later managed to have called the area Priori, an area of the Grand Duke, and even the area of the Nation, but at all times remained ideologically aware place. Not just an empty space of irregular shape, and a status symbol. Many of the attractions the area came here already in times of the Medici. First, the area was a bronze equestrian statue of Cosimo the First, founder of the dynasty, and then came the sculptures on mythological characters. But we can not say that all works were equally good. For example, for the wedding of Francesco Bartolomeo Ammanati I created a fountain of Neptune, which contemporaries laid the song "Ammanati, Ammanati how many marbles you have spent!" Not received special international recognition and standing to the right entrance of the Palazzo Vecchio, "Hercules and the Cuckoo" of Baccio Bandinelli. Only landmark of this composition lies in the fact that it closes a flat stone on which, according to legend, Michelangelo carved portrait of a dispute on the offender, who was executed in the square. The dispute was the fact that Michelangelo could carve their profile model standing with his back to the image. In general, the space before the palace forced by the sculptures are not less densely than any museum hall, for example, in the same Uffizi Gallery. At first glance, they represent the innocent mythological and biblical characters, but really just did not get anything here. Take, for instance the notorious Mikelandzhelova "David", a copy of which adorns the left of the entrance to the palace (the original in 1873, put away the pigeons away from the gallery of the Academy). He did during the so-called Second Republic, when, having heard of Savonarola, the Florentines drove out the Medici and began to live independently. Of course, this is not pleased everyone. At tidbit in Tuscany began to encroach from all sides: the French King Charles VIII and Pope Alexander VI Borgia. These are what were meant as "Goliath". And the relation is obtained explicitly in favor of potential invaders: David went out to a huge, impressive, long-armed and well muscled, and Charles VIII was a short, crooked and lame. On the Piazza della Signoria near the Palazzo Vecchio, Loggia dei Lanzi is located, was built in 1376-1382 years presumably on the image Andrea Orcagna.
Palazzo Vecchio - the most important public building in Florence and a unique example of secular architecture of the Middle Ages. He is a strong fortress, the height of his guard tower reaches 94 meters (the tallest tower in the city). Construction of the Palazzo Vecchio lasted from 1284 to 1341 years. Author of the project is considered to be a famous architect Arnoldo da Cambio. Chimes in the tower of Palazzo Veko, as it should be - fine. Noon! Government in ancient times consisted of Gonfalopera equity and 24 priors, are elected for two months. 6 ° All these days, they were obliged to sit bezvylazno in his palace (where they can be conveniently placed, well-fed and even entertained), collected continuously sprawling tips and make wise decisions. In extreme cases, priority ringing the bell and summoned to the area people - to vote (this is called a "parliament"). And if a vote of someone he had put to death, then sent the victim to wait for execution in the closet right above the meeting room - in a tower under the bell. There, in particular, has had time to sit Cosimo, the founder of the dynasty of the Medici, and there spent his last days of Savonarola. Emblems of the twenty major departments in the facade. In the Palazzo Vecchio della Signoria was the residence (Government of the Republic), then the Dukes of the Medici, and later met in the palace of the lower house of parliament of a united Italy. Now here is the mayor's office, most given museum. When the Medici role of national institutions is gradually reduced to zero, and Cosimo I, came to power, abolished them altogether, moved into the Palazzo della Signoria, and he hired Vasari to redo the interiors. However, even in the remodeled interior of the latter-day ruler of Florence seemed to closely, so that he and his wife bought a palace poprostornee - Palazzo Pitti - and the old gave his son Francesco. The benefit of just profitable married the daughter of the Austrian emperor, in which case even rebuilt the yard: he painted views of the major cities of the Habsburg, izrisovali arabesque ceilings and raised the middle of the fountain Verrocchio - a winged genius (for some reason the fish). If you tear off a sight from the Palazzo Vecchio and look left, look appear sculpture "Judith with the head of Holofernes" of Donatello. The fate of sculpture has developed interesting - it was created for the Medici palace, located in Largo (the modern name of the street - Cavour), but the monarchy was replaced by a republic, the palace was subjected to looting, and the masterpieces found in the area. Another is located to the left of the lion with a flower iris on board - this is a statue of "Mardzokko", the authorship of which is also owned by Donatello. Being an ancient Florentine emblem, this composition, if necessary, could well pass for a symbol of urban liberties.
Uffizi Gallery - (Italian Galleria degli Uffizi-"gallery offices") - a palace built in Florence in the years 1560-1581, with an initial aim to bring all government services under one roof. The building of the Uffizi (architect Vazari, 1560-1580) represents two of the same type of construction, coupled indoor arch - a transition. The decor of the building is simple and strict: black stone (pietra serena) in combination with white stucco, the entrance is a portico with arcades. Appearance of the building clearly indicates its purpose - probably office buildings throughout the world have common features. Uniformity and rhythm of architectural style - it's an allegory of centralized power and its systematic work. Uffizi is a museum. In 1581, Francesco I de 'Medici, a passionate collector, he ordered to be moved to the Uffizi most valuable items from the family collection of palaces and villas and located on the second floor administrative offices to remove. Since then, the building became the Uffizi museum, in this connection were carried out significant restructuring. For the first time in the history of museums have been established exhibition halls. One of the first was set up "gallery of statues" (first passage) for the design of which invited a group of Florentine artists. Private collection becomes a public museum. Henry W. Morton in his book "Walking in northern Italy," wrote the most interesting things about the Uffizi Gallery: "Some visitors, moving along with the crowd on a beautiful gallery, may wonder why of all the capitals of the ducal family treasures of Italy retained only in Florence. This question is really worrying me since I arrived in the city. How did this happen?" Art collection, which even the expert could not estimate, survived after the death of the family that created it. Today you can see it on the walls and rooms of the palaces, for which it was intended. The miracle is created woman, whose name you do not often hear, even in Florence. It was the wife of the Elector of Anna Maria Lodovico, the only daughter of Cosimo III and sister of the last Grand Duke. 31 October 1737 last in the dynasty of the Medici, Anna Maria has signed a "family agreement" with Franz Stephan of Lorraine, the ruler of Tuscany, that the building of the Uffizi, Pitti Palace and all kinds of collections of the Medici become the property of the city. Anna Maria has set certain conditions: the monuments that are stored in the Uffizi, should never leave the city of Florence, the collection should be accessible to everyone. Thus, the Uffizi since 1737 declared "the sovereign's gallery", ie privileged place of public exposure of all the treasures of the Grand Duke. Thus, the Uffizi acquires the status of a public museum, before the Louvre, the British Museum, and most others. The best collection of works by Botticelli in the Uffizi - the main museum of his native city. It is equally natural that these works are collected in a building once owned by the Medici family, which was closely connected life of a famous artist. And in the Uffizi is open a large veranda where you can "digest" the impressions from meeting with the art, a little rest before long hikes through the halls of the gallery, have a drink hideous coffee, a breath of fresh air, smoke and take some photos of Florence from this relatively high points.
by Zhebiton on April 2, 2011
Florence left a vivid imprint on my heart with very, not only because of its narrow streets and ancient buildings, but also due to the excellent restaurant, which is practically in the heart of the city. The restaurant's interior was made in the old style, making the visitor mentally transferred far away. A faint light created a sense of comfort and carefree. Many paintings and various objects that adorn the walls of this place looked fantastic. opulyarnaya in zdeshniyh edges Mazzarella di Bufala gave an unforgettable taste of this salad as usual "Caprese". Very much a traditional Tuscan soup Ribolita of stale bread and beans. Good was the traditional Florentine steak-like taste argentiysky and Australian counterparts. Dessert we were served in small cups, and black tea was brought in the original red kettles. Final chord of the meal was unparalleled, not knowing analogs, and, unfortunately, are not sold in Moscow, liqueur Amaro Montenegro. If you're in Florence, be sure to visit this place. Definitely do not regret it.
by Zhebiton on July 2, 2010
Located right on against the church of Santa Maria Novella, the 3-minute walk from the railway station, about 15-20 minutes before the Uffizi gallery in 20 minutes the Ponte Vecchio - the most popular bridge over the Arno river, all shops also within walking distance!In the rooms are beautifully elegant bathroom, spacious garderobchik a safe and mini-bar, when entering the room is a work area (desk with comfortable chairs) where you can work at the computer and papers (but we will not be required). In room 2 balconies !!!!!!! One balcony with wicker furniture (table with chairs) with stunning views of the very church of Santa Maria Novella, on the other balcony you can watch Florentine roofs)))
by Zhebiton on July 20, 2010
Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore simply magnificent dome of Brunelleschi, the cathedral is beautiful (especially inside). We decided immediately to his feet. Entrance to the dome (about EUR 6, MF 8.30-17.00, only on foot, an eye-lo 530 steps.) With the left side of the entrance when facing the cathedral. Launch parties for limited-space at the dome. After this, the first for us, a high-rise on foot, we joked that only here can take 530 steps, to give money for it and be happy. People are unprepared quite difficult to pass the path to such a number of steps, never stopping and breathless. The closer to the final point of recovery, the narrower the ladder. At the end of the staircase is so narrow that the two are not separate. But the view from the observation deck of the dome fantastic. That only cost neighboring area and San Govanni piazza Duomo, which is a charming ensemble consists of the cathedral Santa Maria del Fiore, the Baptistery San Govanni (the oldest of the three buildings Mon-Sat 12.00-19.00, Sun and holidays. 8.30-14.00) and colo-Coln Giotto (Campanilla Jotto, 84 m, climbing and hiking, Apr.-Sept. 9.00-13.30, oct. 17.30, Nov.-March to 16.30). Three inputs to the baptistery decorated with bronze doors. The most famous - Oriental doors which Michelangelo called "Paradise Gate" 100 panels with scenes from the Old Testament and decorating the northern door of the reliefs 28 subjects with the Gospel artist Lorenzo Ghiberti made a total of about 50 years. Southern Door oldest (Andrea Pisano, 1330).
Statue of Perseus with the head of Medusa "Benvenuto Cellini," The Rape of the Sabine Women "Dzhanboloni and others. A statue in the square deserve special attention! Many young artists diligently paint them in their albums. David by Michelangelo. Giant 4-meter high statue, full of energy and strength from within. It is very beautiful and I think that she breathes. Around - detachable narrow-eyed tourists and traders with their consumer goods. Next is "Judith with the head of Holofernes" by Donatello and monstrous Neptune Ammonnati work. And further: Statue of Cosimo de 'Medici Dzhanboloni and the place where he was burned at the stake Savonorola. Sad event. It should be noted that in this city of joy and melancholy, as in life, always near. On the other side of the square building of the Commercial Court of 14 century and the Palazzo Uguchchini, whose facade was designed by Raphael. In a neighboring building gallery Alberto case Radzhone with canvases by contemporary artists.
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