The Town of Flowers - Xochimilco

The ancient name of this place is Xochimilco, which literally translates to The Place of Flower Beds.


Member Rating 4 out of 5 by JesusW on May 26, 2006

The technique of growing food and plants on the Chinampas was the idea of the first ruler of Xochimilco: Acatonalli, who invented the procedure to take advantage of the abundance of fresh water (there are springs in the area) and to make compost out of mud and bird droppings.

The "chinampa" the floating garden, was built by laying some canes or sticks with mud from the bottom of the lake and plants residues, adding layer after layer the barge made with the canes slowly sank to the shallow bottom and created artificial islands with very porous and fertile soil, which creates the perfect environment to get two or three crops a year.

The Ahuejote tree is normally planted on one end of the barge to create an anchor point which attaches the barge to a permanent spot by means of the deep roots of the tree and at the same time provides shade.

Some of the main crops were the maize, beans, chile, cabagge, and other produce, which gave the local farmers a surplus to sell to Tenochtitlan and other towns around the lake. That´s where the trajineras came into the equation, the first boats were small ones to travel around the chinampas, but later as commerce increased the size of the boats and their designs changed radically to accommodate larger loads and different needs. In the 1960s and 1970s it was normal that the decoration of the trajineras was changed every two weeks with fresh flowers, nowadays they are made of paper or cardboard and are permanent.

More about this on the municipal government website:
Avenida México Xochimilco
México, Mexico, 16500

Mercado de Plantas y Flores de Cuemanco

Member Rating 4 out of 5 by JesusW on June 4, 2006

This is the largest plant market in Latin America, third in the World just after Canada and Amsterdam, with 13 hectares and a parking lot for 2,000 vehicles.

Here you can buy from a single flower to complete garden and all the tools and accessories (fountains, hoses, pots, etc). You can buy just the seeds or have a professional gardener design and maintain your lawn, do you want to make a Japanese garden? they can, if you want to have only bonsai plants, they have them... This place is so extensive that you won´t be able to visit all the stands even if you spend many many hours walking, as there are so many beautiful plants and ideas that you will stop after every few steps trying to absorb all the different colors, aromas and textures.

Daily hours 10:00 to 18:00 hrs
Phone: 5676 8879 / 5676 0810 sorry only in Spanish.

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