The River Thames is central to London’s history and development. London was a major port for its whole life – starting with the Romans who established the city of Londinium. When the Romans settled in the area in about 20BC, the Thames was a wide, shallow, marshy river, far from the deep, neatly channelled beast that flows fast through the city today. They laid out their city on the north side of the Thames, and built a bridge across the river (near to the current London Bridge), which led to a large, relatively solid and high island, the centre of modern-day Southwark.
The river continued as an important port for medieval England, and the City grew rich on the proceeds of ships from ...Read More