I have often been asked, when raving about the travels I've made, 'what is a fjord?' The answer is simple. A fjord is a body of water that comes off of an ocean or bay. It is requently surrounded by hills of high mountains. A fjord is not mainly the outflow of a river into the sea, although rivers may flow into it. A fjord gets its source of water from the ocean or bay.
Fjord occur in many countries on the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Alaska has fjords as does Canada, Iceland, Scotland (called firths), Norway, Sweden and Greenland. It surprises many people to learn that the Hudson River in New York State is actually a fjord and is the southern most fjord in the Northern Hemisphere.