Agra Journals

The Agra Fort

A July 2001 trip to Agra by kharkhuwa

Quote: It was the 17th day of Muharram 966 A.H. (30 October, A.D. 1558). Akbar, just 16 years old but already at the helm of affairs of a vast empire, arrived at Agra by way of the Yamuna. Agra from now onwards would be the new capital of the Mughals. Akbar made improvements to the city, giving it water supply and drainage systems. Then, in 1565, he began to build the Agra Fort on the site of an earlier walled fort...

The Agra Fort

Overview

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Although Shah Jahan's mausoleum is its chief claim to fame, Agra is much more than the Taj. It's a large city with many attractions. To the historically inclined at least, the Agra Fort is worth a visit. The architecture, particularly the fine detail of the marble palaces, is quite impressive. It is located just across the Yamuna from the Taj. It is still complete, even though much of it is off-limits to visitors.Quick Tips: If you visit Agra from Delhi, it's best to take the early morning Shatabdi Express. The train ride is pleasant, with comfortable roomy seats and good food. For overnight stay, you can opt for the Taj Ganj area, which is where all the budget accommodation can be found. How...Read More

A Brief Introduction

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Story/Tip

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It was the 17th day of Muharram 966 A.H. (30 October, A.D. 1558). Akbar, just 16 years old but already at the helm of affairs of a vast empire, arrived at Agra by way of the Yamuna. Agra from now onwards would be the new capital of the Mughals. Akbar made improvements to the city, giving it water supply and drainage systems. Then, in 1565, he began to build the Agra Fort on the site of an earlier walled fort. Abu’l Fazl, the chief chronicler of Akbar’s reign, not surprisingly treats the foundation of the new fort as a major event in the young monarch’s early rule: He at this time gave directions for the building in Agra . . . of a great fortress such as might be worthy thereof and correspond ...Read More

Fact File

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Location Agra, India Latitude 27°10'N Longitude 78°05'E Builders Akbar, Jahangir, Shah Jahan Date 78°05'E Style/Period Mughal Building Types military, palatial

Mughal Architecture

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The term Mughal architecture is generally used to denote the building style that flourished in northern and central India under the patronage of the Mughal emperors from the mid-16th to the late 17th century. The monuments and gardens constructed by the Mughals saw strong influences of Persian, Indian, and various provincial styles. Babur's Char Bagh Scheme Although Babur ruled only for a brief period, he left his indelible signature on all that was to follow in Mughal architecture. He gave medieval architecture a new direction and revolutionized the whole art of building. Mughal architecture after Babur was presented through the formal char bagh (four-part garden th...Read More

Agra Fort

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Attraction | "The Agra Fort and Its Monuments"

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Shaped like an irregular semi-circle with its chord running parallel to the Yamuna, the Agra Fort, like most of Akbar's buildings within it, is built of red sandstone. The massive enclosing walls reach to a height of about 70 feet (21.34 metres) with double ramparts at regular intervals. The walls are inlaid with white marble detail that create a sense of richness and power. Abu'l Fazl records that the fort housed over 500 buildings within it, an estimate that seems to be slightly exaggerated. In any case, most of the mansions have disappeared, a few of them deliberately demolished to make room for Shah Jahan's white-marble pavilions built between 1627 and 1648. Of building...Read More

Agra Fort

Agra, India

Agra Fort

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Attraction | "The Agra Fort and Its Monuments (Contd.)"

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The Khas Mahal With the beautiful Anguri Bagh outstretched at its feet, the Khas Mahal is the most beautiful palace of Shah Jahan in the Agra Fort. The palace, designed to edge the Yamuna on one side and the Anguri Bagh on the other, displays the meticulous planning of the emperor. The whole building is made of white marble, its interiors housing a spacious hall overlooking the river through marble screens. The palace is lavishly painted in conventional and floral patterns. The Sheesh Mahal The Sheesh Mahal (the glass palace) is located on the north-western corner of the Anguri Bagh, just below the Diwan-i-Khas. It has the finest specimens of glass-mosaic decorations in In...Read More

Agra Fort

Agra, India

Visiting Agra

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Agra is situated in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Along with Delhi and Jaipur, the city is a part of the Golden Triangle tourist circuit of India. It is well connected by regular flights from Delhi. The Shatabdi Express linking New Delhi and Bhopal halts at Agra. Another option is to take the Taj Express which leaves Nizammudin daily. Journey by bus is a trifle tiring, as it takes close to 5 hours from Delhi and Jaipur.